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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb1991\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs14 312}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb1883\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 RELIGION: PATRONAGE OF LEARNING}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3129\margrsxn1408\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1991\fi0\ri0\sb216\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 mentions the followers of Kapila, Kanada, Upanisads (Vedantins), believers in God as a creator (Aisvara-\expndtw6 karanikas), and even atheists like the Lokayatikas.\super 1 \nosupersub\expndtw5 Similarly, there were different classes of recluses, such \expndtw3 as those pulling out their hair (Ktsaluncakas), Pasupatas, \expndtw9 Paficaratrikas, Bhagavatas, etc.\super 2\nosupersub  The \i Life \i0 also men\-\expndtw2 tions Bhuias, Kapalikas, Jutikas, Sankhyas, VaiSesikas, \expndtw5 etc.\super 3\nosupersub  They differed widely in their garbs, observances, \expndtw17 and beliefs. They got their food by begging, and \expndtw3 paid no attention whatsoever to their personal needs and \expndtw16 comforts in the pursuit of what thay considered \expndtw4 Truth.\super 4}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1994\fi0\ri0\sb158\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Harsa's patronage of Learning}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1796\fi468\ri40\sb176\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw18\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 One of the claims of Harsa to remembrance \expndtw15 rests on his liberal patronage of learning. Yuan \expndtw9 Chwang says that Harsa used, to earmaik a fourth of ,-the revenue from the crown lands for rewarding men \super\expndtw3 /;\nosupersub  of intellectual distinction.\super 6\nosupersub  According to \{he \i Life, \i0 he \expndtw4 generously assigned "the revenue of eighty large towns \expndtw2 of Orissa" to a noted Buddhist scholar, named Jayasena, \expndtw3 who, however, thankfully declined even this tempting \expndtw4 offer.'\super 6\nosupersub  Harsa also made munificent endowments to \expndtw12 Nalanda, the great centre of Buddhist learning. Its \expndtw2 lofty structures, its inspiring instruction imparted through \expndtw4 discussion, its comprehensive curriculum, its large \expndtw6 assemblage of students from far and near,\super 7\nosupersub  and above \expndtw2 all, the noble character and deep scholarship of its tea\-\expndtw1 chers and \i alumni., \i0 were then matters of pride to the entire}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2369\fi0\ri3110\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 l\nosupersub -Uc. C. 'J'., \i0 p. 236. \i\charscalex100\expndtw8 -Ibid., \i0 pp. 33, 49, 236.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2362\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx2491 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw5 Life, \i0 pp. 161-62.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2362\fi0\ri2722\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx2491 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 4{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 Walters, I, pp. 160-61\line \i ^Ibid., \i0 p. 176;   Beal, I, p. 87.\line \expndtw8\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 L//e, p. 154.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1969\fi396\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 7\nosupersub  According  to one account, there were  10,000 students at \expndtw4 Nalanda \i (Life* \i0 p. 112).}\par }